In Mozambique, contract farmers often own less than one hectare of land. These smallholders usually have limited farming skills. They are rarely aware of modern farming techniques and do not know much about how value chains work.
To ensure sufficient quality and quantity of the expected produce, the agribusiness operating as a lead firm is often forced to employ large numbers of extension workers to train and coach smallholder farmers throughout the year. This causes high transaction costs for such contract farming models, impeding their competitiveness.
Modern information and communication technology reduce such transaction costs, making contract farming more competitive. The technology brings higher profitability for both the smallholders and the lead firm and it facilitates the inclusion of more farmers into such schemes. While the advantages are obvious and information and communication technology is booming in agriculture, best practices for ICT in the field of contract farming have yet to be established.